In this article, we examine the principles of compensation applied in the legislation of five European countries characterized by different social protection systems. We address three main issues. Refamilialization can also occur locally as an outcome of a worsening situation in the labour market as occurred in the late 2000s in Europe accompanied by local budget cuts to services. This finding suggests that the social-democratic bloc in this respect is more heterogeneous than what is generally thought. This article examines the major international treaty on the human rights of women, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and its impact on Italian politics, specifically on domestic legislation, case law and civil society activism, and institutional structure. Different cohorts of Italians and Spaniards are compared with respect to their home-leaving behaviour, gender attitudes and their paid and unpaid work patterns. Nevertheless, when their welfare regimes are compared, Baltic countries can be included in a post-communist model that differs from the social-democratic model of Nordic countries in many respects.
The transmission of conventional values to adolescents may be a critical mechanism through which parenting protects adolescents from substance use, especially marijuana use. It provides a comparative theoretical and empirical analysis of age-related policies and welfare arrangements in Germany, France, Italy and Sweden. This reliance is supported not only by cultural but also by legal norms to a larger degree than in the so-called continental countries Saraceno 1994Saraceno , 2000Martin 1996; Naldini 2003;Moreno 2006;Morgan 2006; and, for a critical view, Calzada and Brooks 2013. We argue that existing research on the moralism of redistributive and social policy preferences is overly one dimensional, with a longstanding concentration on attitudes toward welfare state beneficiaries. International research on the risk and protective factors of cyberbullying focus on individual personality variables and the use of technological devices. This paper analyses informal social support as a relevant factor in the process of maintaining the Spanish welfare state. An ego-centred network approach is adopted within a case study about social support networks of low income single mothers living in a city of southern Italy.
She has a PhD in Political and Social Sciences European University Institute, Florence Her main area of interest are comparative social policy and family policy, sociology of the family and gender studies. This study uses regression analysis to evaluate the allocative systems of Portuguese couples and their predictors. Different second hand books could have different conditions. The authors argue that in the face of inadequate policies, the recourse of individuals and families to old family solidarity and new migrant labour solutions may cause new tensions and inequalities. For this reason, two articles in the study specifically focus on the Southern European housing system of Spain. This book was originally published as a special issue of European Societies.
All chapters aim to analyze the role that the recent transformations experienced by Southern European societies ageing, increasing women labour market participation, decreasing expectations for care within the family, immigration have had over this model. This article analyses practices of intergenerational support for homeownership among different generations of families in Milan, Italy, highlighting the role of housing in family welfare relations and life-course transitions. The article then lays out a first systematic overview of motive attributions using an original dataset built from nationally representative surveys conducted in ten Western democracies. Conclusion: Findings emphasize the influence of family relationships throughout adolescence. They then applied multinomial probit models to the Spanish Living Conditions Survey of 2010. Furthermore, the analysis explores advances in gender equality policies.
Together with Chapter 4—that has a similar and parallel structure but addresses the two Italian regional cases—constitutes the empirical core of the book. Italy is a case in point: holding a welfare arrangement markedly imbalanced towards passive cash transfers, it has been pointed out as striking outlier within the framework of social investment. Finally, three overarching themes that, in the past and present, appear to underlie the commonalities of Mediterranean welfare states and that can offer potential fruitful avenues for further study will be identified and discussed. On the other hand, the peculiarities of Southern European countries has been accepted as a sub-category of the family of the 'statecorporatist' welfare model by the authors like Esping-Andersen 1999 and Katrougalos and Lazaridis 2003. Firstly, to open the black box of the family in welfare state analysis, introducing a focus on inter-generational and kin relations. The illustration of the evolution of last-resort safety nets also serves the purpose of investigating the main strengths and weaknesses of the minimum income protection system, highlighting institutional peculiarities and assessing the effectiveness of these systems in reducing severe and absolute poverty from a comparative perspective.
We find important variations among the social-democratic countries and, surprisingly, in the case of childcare, Sweden shows higher differences to Denmark than to Latvia and Lithuania. Allerdings können nicht zuletzt die Unternehmen selbst diesen Entscheidungsprozess maßgeblich beeinflussen, indem sie eben jene, für die Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Karriere eher nachteiligen, Rahmenbedingungen ausgleichen. Secondly, to explain why the southern welfare states have offered very low support to families with children by taking into account several factors: the legacy of fascism, the role of the Church, and the specific role played by leftist parties in defining family policy as labour policy. Este trabajo estudia las relaciones existentes entre inmigración y Estado de bienestar en España desde una triple perspectiva. The unpaid work of women furnished the bulk of support, while both public and private services underwent very little development. To this end the author illustrates the way in which social policies and legal norms have defined the family in two mediterranean countries: Italy and Spain.
Comparing responses across these countries, we draw out important cross-national differences in ascribed motives, including within welfare state regime types. In this study it is presented a compared analysis on the institutional, labour and socio-demographic factors that explain the differences observed in the labour strategies adopted by the women in the different European countries. It was analysed whether investment in the education of both women and men serves to empower wives resulting in more balanced household decisions being taken on matters related to consumption and financial management. The book is a very important contribution to a better understanding of the character of new challenges for European welfare states. However, winning in sports is the result of talent, starting conditions, training, effective budgets, and luck. Svein Olav Daatland, Ageing and Society Most European countries are experiencing a dramatic demographic shift.
This book breaks new ground in ideal-typical welfare regime theory, identifying now in total 10 worlds of welfare capitalism. Más concretamente, se lleva a cabo un análisis comparativo del contenido de los diferentes servicios o programas ofrecidos respecto a la denominación, la finalidad que persigue la intervención, la población destinataria, la coexistencia de varios programas o servicios dirigidos a familias, los apoyos brindados a la familia y las estrategias utilizadas por los profesionales. They argue that alongside these new class inequalities, new forms of intergenerational inequality are also emerging, particularly in pension provision. Este modelo tiende a predominar en países mediterráneos con régimen de bienestar de 'solidaridad familiar' o también denominados familistas, como es el caso de España e Italia 3 Naldini, 2003. The third and final part of the book addresses five main challenges facing the Spanish welfare state in the 21st century, namely, the need to enhance flexicurity; to achieve a better work-family balance; to coordinate immigration policies with existing social protection; to tackle the persistence of high rates of relative poverty; and to face intense population ageing, both in terms of increasing needs for care and the reform of the pension system. To sum up, we can regard the prevalence of the nuclear family in Spanish society as evident. Ein Ländervergleich zwischen Deutschland, Schweden und Italien offenbart deutliche Gegensätze in der nationalen Familienpolitik, den soziokulturellen Strukturen sowie den Arbeitsmarktbedingungen für Mütter.
It discusses the historical, structural and cultural factors which have shaped the way in which social policy has affected women in Spain. She also includes two ethnographies that represent two Mediterranean gateways in the North-South Mediterranean division: Tangiers in Morocco and Durres in Albania , which are mapped as border-cities in the global Mediterranean context. Aún falta comprender de qué manera el contexto socioeconómico y cultural modela las decisiones económicas de las parejas en el contexto de la fuerte solidaridad e interdependencia intrafamiliares de las sociedades del sur europeas Calzada y Brooks, 2013; Esping-Andersen, 1999; Naldini, 2003. Among her recent books are Una invitacin a las sociologa de las migraciones and El debate sobre la globalizacin. We find that childrearing everywhere triggers a re-traditionalisation, generating a more inegalitarian gender division of housework, yet with interesting differences across countries.
Research Naldini 2003;Moreno 2006 suggests that deficiencies in the welfare state can reinforce the family solidarity or narrow the field of choices for women between work and care. Two aims form the focus of the article. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search form widget. The ways in which couples in South Europe manage their money has received little attention. Left party strength has a significant impact on the level of cash benefits, but a weak negative one on tax reductions, the latter type of benefit being more advantageous for earners of high incomes. Sotiropoulos eds Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe. Secondly, to explain why the southern welfare states have offered very low support to families with children by taking into account several factors: the legacy of fascism, the role of the Church, and the specific role played by leftist parties in defining family policy as labour policy.