As empirical analysis ideally follows theory we begin with presenting a conceptual framework which links social position, neighbourhood environment and health. Included in the coverage: The spatiality of injustice: area effects on behaviour. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62 61 , 62—68. Interestingly, in addition to a correlation with neighborhood problems, social cohesion was positively associated with marijuana use. School neighbourhoods and obesity prevention in youth. Qualitative and quantitative methods for assessing neighbourhood health resources.
© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. In the term 'vitamin G', the G stands for the green space around us and vitamin for the possible positive relationship between green space and people's health. The second part focuses on the mechanisms through which green space might exert a beneficial effect on health. In recent years, the progressive and rapid aging of the world population particularly in the Western countries makes crucial the identification of those factors which may either reduce the impact of negative consequences of ageing e. For a number of years, there has been interest in understanding how to successfully promote healthy nutrition in different population groups and whether and how place and income affect nutritional attitudes and behaviour. The background of making plans is way extra, based on those authors, than the recorded development of making plans as a self-discipline and a career.
Level of compression unknown Quality assurance targets not applicable Reformatting quality unknown Reproduction note Electronic resource. The meant rationality of the city making plans of the trendy circulate encompassed numerous attitudes in the direction of background, know-how and tradition, from the imaginative and prescient of Berlin as an American city, during the dispute among the urbanists and disurbanists within the Soviet Union to the technocratic and austere imaginative and prescient of Le Corbusier. This book is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand well-being, including students and professionals in architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning, design and health sciences. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index. Methods to measure neighbourhoods and analyse their impact on health: An overview. File format unknown Form of item online Isbn 9781461466727 Isbn Type electronic bk.
Socio-economic differences in physical activity: The role of neighbourhood factors. In this chapter, we start with explaining socioeconomic health inequalities and how health behaviours, like physical activity, may contribute to these inequalities. Such patterns need to be considered in the light of the environmental context where they occur, since spatial-physical features may be perceived as either facilitators or inhibitors by the old person, thus triggering either satisfaction or rather frustration responses. Neighbourhood context and mortality: An overview. Some of the most commonly used theories in health promotion and social epidemiology to explain the relationship between area effects and health-related behaviours are then described. Part of the answer could lie in characteristics of the areas to which people are exposed.
This interest reflects continuing debate as to whether health, health inequalities and health-related behaviours are determined by individual characteristics and behaviour or through health-promoting or health-damaging features of the physical and social environment. Ebook Description It has long been theorized that people living in poor areas have more health problems than their more advantaged peers. With increasing numbers of people living in cities, public mental health is now expanding beyond the remit of psychiatrists and psychologists. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. We then focus on two health behaviours smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol in order to explore how relationships between gender, space and smoking and drinking vary across contexts and by scale.
Drawing on sociological and anthropological theory and case studies, the chapter addresses three key issues: How people culturally construct meanings of places, how social relationships are practised in public places and how public places shape human behaviour. But progress toward health-promoting settings has been slow in practice given limited understanding of causal pathways to facilitate targeted interventions in the built and social environment of neighborhoods. Prospects for engaging neighbourhoods in prevention efforts, particularly involving young people, and policy implications for the future of health promotion and inequity reduction are discussed as well. Cross-sectional data from one deprived neighborhood located in Denmark were collected in 2008 and 2013 using a postal health survey. It gives some examples of existing or ongoing programmes to reduce health inequities between deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods. Associations of the local food environment with diet quality—a comparison of assessments based on surveys and geographic information systems: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.
This perspective is integrated in an ongoing research project which will be presented for illustrative purposes. Whilst drawing on conclusions on neighbourhood and health research, this chapter analyses how this research can inform policy and health promotion practice based on the five action areas outlined by the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Pathways to Well-Being in Design recognises that the distinction between academics and practitioners often becomes blurred, where, when working together, a fusion of thoughts and ideas takes place and provides a powerful platform for dialogue. The E-mail message field is required. These findings have implications for intervention strategies and policies. This international volume analyzes the complex relationships among neighbourhood conditions and characteristics, people's perceptions of where they live, and their everyday health lives, from eating habits and activity levels to smoking, drinking, and drug use.
Finally the chapter suggests that neighbourhoods are connected to mortality through four distinct pathways: health policy and health resources, health behaviour, neighbourhood perception and physical quality. Domestic gardens may be an important area for higher intensity activity. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Neighborhood problems and social cohesion were positively associated with marijuana use. In this spectrum this chapter devotes its focus primarily on the small bumps on the road by initially discussing how physical structural prevention can be an appropriate strategy not only to bring about behavioural change in the population as a whole but also to reduce the negative consequences of a stigmatising health discourse.
From neighbourhood and health research to health promotion practice. Rethinking exposure in area studies on social inequities in smoking in youth and young adults. Methods to measure neighbourhoods and analyse their impact on health: An overview. Policymakers, urban planners, architects, engineers, transport specialists, developers, and others impact on mental health through their contributions to the design and delivery of the urban built environment. The chapter ends with an overview of advantages and considerations This chapter discusses how and why multilevel modelling is a flexible and powerful tool for analysing data with a hierarchical structure.
Qualitative and quantitative methods for assessing neighbourhood health resources. Connecting gender, space and place: Are there gender differences in the relationships between the social environment and health-related behaviours?. In this chapter, we review the literature on area effects and social inequities in smoking in youth and young adults. People and place: The interrelated connections between interactions, behaviour, relations, perceptions and space. Neighborhood relationships and networks are vital for sustaining and improving quality of life.